The Health Insurance Transaction and Liability Act (HIPAA) are a federal license and were signed by President Clinton in 1996. This Act ensures that individuals can renew or receive health insurance in case of work loss or changes in work. This ensures transport capacity at the workplace and would reduce and hopefully eliminate discrimination against those persons with pre-existing medical conditions. This legislation was expanded to include simplification of administrative and abuse of healthcare and fraud, which largely focused on issues relating to the personal health information of the patient.
Simple administration is divided into two categories, standardized common electronic information, and protects the privacy and patient information stored in the electronic medical record. The personal data protection of the patient is directed towards the form of privacy. The US Ministry of Health and Human Rights issued the Privacy Statement, which was submitted as a claim for health care and liability laws in 1996. The requirements are set out in Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule .
Neill Institute (2009) explained a summary defining the ultimate goal of privacy: ensuring that healthcare information is accessible to healthcare professionals who are authorized to access information and personal information of the individual are also preserved and protected against appropriate use.
Notification of privacy practices must be in writing and patients must be informed of their rights according to personal information about their health. These rights cover access to medical records, change of information in their personal medical records, bookkeeping of individuals who have access to their health information and a special request to limit the disclosure of sensitive information. When an electronic medical record occurred, there was further concern about the protection of health information at another level.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) was approved in 2009. Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) was approved as part of ARRA. The aim of funding this initiative was to develop advanced information technology on health that would be used at national level, and organizations would be encouraged to participate and adopt a culture that is a highly advanced health information society. Healthcare facilities are expected to have certified certified electronic health records that meet the requirements of HIPAA, Privacy Rule, HITECH and ARRA. If this is achieved, the healthcare will relate to additional funding to assist in providing patient care. The total implementation of the electronic system is expected at the end of 2013.