Nurses are trained to study and apply abilities to evaluate patients. This skill is the cornerstone of being a profitable nurse. The knowledge and methods of developing these skills are learned in the first two years of nursing and curiosity in clinical treatment, as the student nurse takes on more patient stress. "Health insurance" which is the basis of nursing is as follows:
Standard 1. Assessment
In estimation, the need to use all the senses is necessary. This includes hearing, contact, visual and medical communication. The cephalocaudal approach is always used. In other words, evaluate patients from head to toe. The necessity must be aware that you can carry out thorough assessment. Data collection forms the basis for the next step in the care level that is analysis. Nurse must have all the necessary equipment, such as a scale, tape, thermometer, sphygmomanometer, stethoscope and pen light. The position is also very important in the assessment. If a client is nervous or anxious, they may not be willing to answer questions that the nurse wishes or wishes to check. Getting a calm environment is not always possible, especially in an emergency. Therefore, the need to be very prominent and try to get as much relevant data as possible to form a nursing diagnosis. For example, when evaluating clients who complain of stomach pain, ask what food they are eating. Give the nurse more information than asking them how many brothers or sisters they have.
Standard II. Diagnosis
Nursing diagnosis is not a diagnosis. Disease analysis was a disease of "diabetes". Nursing diagnosis was a "change in muscle perfection" associated with reduced tissue oxygenation as shown by 92% pulse oxime, in addition to the medical condition "lymphopenia". Nursing is a formal statement related to how a client responds to actual or perceived illness. In an analysis, a nurse is attempting to formulate measures to assist the client in reducing and or communicating how they respond to actual or sensible illnesses.
Standard III. Results of Outcome
In this process, the nurse uses assessment and analysis to set goals that the patient has achieved to achieve greater well-being. Such goals can simply be that the patient already understands their blood glucose test, or perhaps a new mother shines safety when she has been taught in the proper breastfeeding procedure. The necessity must be to plan the goals the customer is reaching around customer talents. For example, the goal is that a client will usually walk after two days of knee surgery, unrealistic, for the knee knee is not completely healed. However, the goal is that the customer can demonstrate the proper use of the crank, realistic. This goal is also measurable as the patient gets to the hospital and the nurse can teach and monitor withdrawal. Therefore, the client's goals or results must also be measurable.
Standard IV. Organization
The planning is designed around the activities of clients during hospitals. Therefore, a nurse must teach and show a task when the patient is free to study. This would involve giving painkillers before learning how to use a fence or wait until a patient has finished a meal before learning how to use a syringe. The atmosphere should be concucive for the client to study.
Standard V. Implementation
This standard requires the nurse to test methods and steps that are designed to help the client achieve his or her goals. In the operation, the nurse will take the necessary actions for the client's schedule. If instruction is one of the goals then it would need to document the time, place, method and information that is taught.
Standard VI. Food
Food is the final standard. In this step, the nurse will decide whether the goals that were originally set for the client have been met or not. If necessary, the objective or objectives have not been met, then the program must be reviewed and documented as such. The goal should therefore be timely and measurable. If the client's goal was to use brackets successfully and the customer was able to perform repeat promotion for necessity, then the goal was met.
The above standards are the cornerstone of nursing. These standards take time and experience to study and execute. Experience is the best teacher and a nurse should constantly strive to achieve good patient care and recognize how to help patients achieve more physical and emotional well-being.
Further information on nursing in the NET Study Guide.