India has the world's second largest population and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. India has a promising future, given the unprecedented economic growth and its consequences in international affairs. India is now riding a wave of giant boom in the computer company, the new economy. Many developed countries in the world are looking for huge pools of English-speaking talent companies in India. As the world is transforming towards the knowledge society, India is also moving relatively competitive with the world. With increased Internet users and advances in information and communications technology in India, boasted the trend toward e-commerce in the global economy. In information technology, India is booming as a great force. In recent years, India has made a rapid step in information technology, especially in software services and services. This article describes the image of information technology in the very near future in India and India's contribution to information technology in the world.
Since 1950, IBM had a virtual monopoly on computers in India. The 360 series release in the 1960s was the main studio of major agencies. They even held a chain of developers who could write down software for their machine. However, in 1978, when George Fernandes, the ministry of industries at that time, ordered IBM to take local shareholders in its subsidiary, the company refused strictly and went back after completing all its operations in India. His former employees then set up a computer network, the main goal of maintaining IBM computers.
In the period 1995-2000, the Indian IT Industry has recorded a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 42.4 percent, which is almost twice the growth of information technology in many developed countries. For more information, contact the AMCHAM National Secretariat, New Delhi. Foreign companies have especially US companies play an important role in making India to deliver global returns. These MNCs account for nearly 22 percent of Indian software exports. According to the latest NASSCOM programs, in 2001-02, the global information technology company transferred software worth Rs. 6500 straps from India. The total exports of the country were tied to Rs. 29400 crore. In terms of investment and growth, US companies such as Cognizant Technologies (MNC's largest export earnings) are IBM, Oracle, GE, Cisco, Compaq, Intel, among other things, to lead MNC in information technology. Nine of the top 20 Indian IT companies are from the United States. These accounts represent over 37% of the turnover of the 20 largest companies operating in India. In spite of their significant contribution to information technology, these companies need to deal with numerous procedural and operational problems in India.
However, India's e-commerce is far below the United States, which was about 1 percent of GDP in 1999. Furthermore, the estimated volume of e-commerce in India in 2001 (USD 255.3 million) is also below The amount expected, compared with Australia ($ 3 billion), China (USD 586 million), South Korea ($ 876 million) and Hong Kong ($ 685 million) are quite less.
Time has changed as companies are implemented. What was supposed to be known to be small and limited to hometown seemed to be an ancient method of performing the work. Modern day works all over the world, that is, they succeed in not only one area but have deepened their roots to all the corners of the world you can think of.
Information technology is what is considered the most important sector of today's business policy. That's because you can not be there everywhere to monitor the work, but with network and communication you can always contact other company sites.
Information Technology in India
The space of reform – the economic situation since 1991, has stimulated the Indian economy, especially in information technology. As part of the reform program, the Indian government has taken a major step towards promoting information technology, including the 1988 World Trade Organization, focusing on software development for export; reform of telecommunications policy; privatization of domestic long-term and mobile phone markets; and developing a comprehensive approach to information technology. Even though India has gained more attention and investment, it has still led to the distribution of social and economic benefits over the summit of the population. Challenges – including perception of unfavorable compliance, excessive judicial systems, poor infrastructure and costly access and limited use of information technology. A growing change in management policy towards knowledge-based services has created a climate that promotes business, domestic infrastructure, education and the use of information technology to meet the needs of development.
Policy: India's focus on self-industrialization in the 1970s and the 1970s has been replaced by reforms aimed at locating India in the world economy: direct investment in the process has been streamlined, new areas have been opened for direct foreign investment and ownership and government have exempted IT equipment from corporate tax for five years. These reforms have helped India to become increasingly integrated into the global economy with growth in software exports and knowledgeable software services, such as phone calls.
In 1986, the government announced a new software policy designed to support the software industry. This was followed in 1988 by World Market Policy and the establishment of software technology Parks of India (STP) system. Subsequently, the software industry in India grew from only $ 150 million in 1991-1992 to $ 5.7 billion (including over 4 billion US dollars of software exports) in 1999-2000 – an annual growth rate of over 50 percent.
The establishment of the Telecom Agency of India (TRAI) was a key factor in the successful implementation of telecommunications reform. In 1992, the mobile phone market was opened for private companies, in 1994 the fixed capital market began and in 1999, long-term private business was opened. Before these reforms were made, the electronic communications company had been the only provider of telecommunications services.
In addition, in order to attract direct foreign investment, the government allowed foreign equity up to 100 percent and free import of all inputs. The government-equipped technology park also offered professional employment services to customers, affordable programs for India where information technology is so cheap according to international standards.
Infrastructure: Teledensity in India has reached 3.5 percent of the population. Approximately 1 percent of households have fixed line connections, compared to 10 percent in China. The mobile network has approximately 3 million users, growing by 100 percent per year, and it is expected that it will exceed the real estate market in the near future. The number of Internet bills is about 1.5 million, increasing by 50 percent per year. India also has a very sharp penetration of terrestrial television, cable and radio. Voice and data wireless solutions, both domestic and export markets, are increasingly manufactured and used locally.
Access to phones in Indian villages has improved over the last five to six years by introducing the public network operator (PCO) operated by local buyers. More than 60 percent of the villages in India have at least one phone. This also includes over 800,000 Village Public Telephones (VPT). Worldtel is on a flight in four states to secure funds to update Village Public Telephones so that they will be available soon on the Internet.
In some urban areas, software development areas in India provide infrastructure, buildings, electricity, telecommunications equipment and high speed satellite applications to facilitate export processing of software.
India also has a number of advanced computerized networks, including stock exchange, Passenger Reservation System for India and NICNET, which connects government agencies in central, state and district.
Company: An Indian built-in framework for the protection of intellectual property rights has been an important catalyst for business investment: well-known international brands have been protected by Indian law, even though they were not registered in India. In 1999, extensive laws were put in place to protect intellectual property rights in accordance with international practices and in accordance with India's obligations under TRIPS.
Much of the onset of the domestic demand for information and information technology services in the field of information technology and information technology in India has come from government: 28 percent of total IT spending is attributable to public and public spending. The main sectors of public expenditure are: financial services, taxation, customs, communications, education, defense and public infrastructure. Due to growth in the use of information technology in India, the information technology industry itself has also increased its national economic activity. For example, a number of information technology companies have developed a bookkeeping and word processing package in Indian languages. The potential impact of this growth on the domestic economy is much clearer than developing software for export alone.
Population: Despite relatively low readability among the general public, India has several key advantages in human resources: a major English-speaking population and world-class education, research and management institutions – a direct result of investment in science and technology. In addition to establishing the Indian Institute of Technology in various cities around India to create a lot of technical abilities, the government has computer protection to encourage research and development in personal computers. ICT training continues to grow rapidly: Total training income in 1998 was estimated at 225 million US dollars, 30% higher than in the previous year. However, one of the biggest challenges facing the Indian software industry is the difficulty in attracting and retaining talented professionals.
Materials and Applications: India has a vast population of high linguistic diversity. Create and maintain local relevant content for a country with 418 languages is a challenge. Nevertheless, local language-related content is slow and makes information technology more relevant and accessible to the nation's leader. For example, the India Center for Development of Advanced Computing recently installed a system called iLEAP-ISP to create a free multilingual word processor that will be accessible to all Internet subscribers. In other areas, some states like Tamil Nadu have launched their own projects to support local language software with attachments that can be adapted to word processing programs, dictionaries and ad serving computers for use in schools, colleges, government, and homes.
Emphasis has also been placed on the development of relevant government applications in India. Some states like Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh have started promoting programs that enable citizens to get faster and transparent access to public services, for example, to provide information about laws and regulations, and the delivery of licenses and public documents online.
Strategic Compact: Public and Private Partnership, encouraged by the Information Technology Ministry, has played a key role in the development of information technology in India. One of the positive results of this effort has been the IT Act of 2000, based on IT recommendations, and aims to set a comprehensive IT policy. In addition, governments and private sector have come together to promote the development of information technology. For example, the joint efforts of computer science automation department at the Indian Institute of Science and Bangalore-based private companies have developed a simputer-cheap microcomputer that allows unauthorized users to browse the internet.
India's development and contribution to information technology in the world is the highest reputation. Cities like Bangalore have become favorite stations of all major banners like HSBC, Dell, Microsoft, GE, Hewlett Packard and several Indian multinational domestic companies like Infosys Technologies, Wipro and Microland, which have set up their offices in the city. This is because the city offers good infrastructure, with ample floor space and excellent telecommunications equipment. This can be estimated on the basis of the economic growth reports of India and the change of business of India.
It is because of this growth that many popular species that have not yet built up since stiff offices in the country make it fast to get a destination in India too. For example, Sun Microsystems, International Information Technology Minister, announced in Bangalore to double the existing work of the company Sun India Engineering Center (IEC) from the current 1000 to 2000 in the next two years. IEC, the largest R & D center for Sun outside the United States, would also focus on developing products in India to suit the needs of the Indian market, which were applied globally.
This vast growth of information technology is excessive due to the efforts of the Indian government and, on the other hand, the development that began in other parts of the world.
The country has seen times when IBM moved its shop in India in 1950, the main product imported into the country was from Russia. Western computer could not be moved because of a US embargo on exports of high-tech equipment to India, which was considered an ally of the Soviet Union.
Slowly, because the country could develop its first powerful parallel PC in 1991, known as CDAC, by connecting together a band of less powerful computers.
Over time, continual growth throughout the world continued the country's struggle and emerged as a leader in information technology.
The industry has grown to USD 5.7 billion (including over 4 billion of software exports) 1999-2000, but annual growth did not go down to 50 percent since 1991.
It exports software and services to almost 95 countries around the world. The share of North America (US and Canada) in India is software exports by 61%.
Indian labor is not only cheap but also technically capable of world class. It is because of the Indian educational system that includes the course, the course utilizes the knowledge of the latest technology developed in the world, as well as translating in English that adds compatibility to Indian technicians to communicate and work through the world.
The further geographical location of India serves as an ideal semi-route worldwide from the west coast of the United States, which is another reason why India is the destination of many major brands.
Presenting a large number of Indians, especially engineers, in the United States, gave India easy access to the US software market.
What adds more to India's dominance in the information technology company is a governmental policy such as networking law to protect and protect the interests of software companies in India.
India's software development technology (STPI), the Ministry of Information Technology, the Government of India and International Technology Park in the joint venture of the Government, TATA Group and the Singapore Consortium to promote and facilitate software exports is another major step toward the growth of Indian information technology.
Similarly, an industrial park, known as Electronic City, was installed in 1991, more than a hundred electronic industries, including Motorola, Infosys, Siemens, ITI and Wipro, in an area of 330 hectares.
The Industrial Park, based near International Technology Park, provides an exclusive 288 acre area for export companies. GE has India's technology software located in this park and uses hundreds of interdisciplinary technological development activities.
Other promotional activities that led India to this position include the IT Corridor project. Conceptualized by Singapore Jurong Town Corporation Private Ltd was the information technology service running at IT department and Bangalore Development Authority in order to develop the latest technology to develop knowledge base.
The Thinking of Some Leaders of the World About India
"Economic growth will force better governance and better government will feed more growth"
SV, NYC, USA
People and communities as a whole believe they are unable to to matter.
Juzar Singh Sangha, Bedford
India needs to take care of the village residents who are still struggling to live properly.
John Karondukadavil, India, living in Jaslo, Poland
India may become a superpower if it concentrates on the technology market
Devyani Prabhat, Jersey City, USA
India must fight its skills and wage crisis  India will make strong and clear decisions to act as an international player
Nivedita (19659002) India will lead the world to a humane and tolerant future
Nilesh, Antwerp, Belgium
India must make strong and clear decisions to act as an international player ]
India is a country to gain economic world in the world
Justin, Bristol, United Kingdom
Indians now need to develop a sense of national conflict
India will never be Great Britain
Jonathan, Boston, USA
India has had a significant increase in the estimated number of HIV infections
Sezai, Eskisehir, Turla nd
Indian economic success is based on sacrifices of previous generations
Shekhar Scindia, Edison, NJ, USA
While India's growth is encouraging, its sustainability is questionable.
Sigismond Wilson, Sierra Leonean, Michigan, USA
India is the perfect solution for any low-cost, but technically talented workforce who has new ideas and artwork to work on projects. Spacious facilities provide perfect working conditions. At rest there are networks to monitor and protect all interests related to information technology.
All of these reasons help India to be like most celebrated destinations for many companies. . Thus, we can conclude:
• India highlighted explosive growth in information technology
• India developed as a global research center for development and development
• From cerebral pressure to brain gain
• Millions of jobs are created in the field Information and Technological Development
• Quality Must Be Considered
• World-class privatization agencies will emerge with international partnership
• India will restore the world's ancient heritage's most advanced knowledge-based culture called "Bharat".
India becomes a warehouse of IT in the world
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2. Press, L., Development of networks in less developed countries, IEEE Computer, vol. 28, no. June 6, 1995, p. 66-71.
4. Indian perspective on information technology and engineering plans, Vijay Bhatkar, International Information Technology Company, Pune, India
6. Anuran Misra "Software Outsourcing from India" IIMS, Bareilly, INDIA, INDIA, 08 December 2004.
7. Anuranjan Misra "India – An Emerging IT Super Power" International Seminar on India 25 years and here, IIMS, Bareilly, INDIA, Feb. 08, 2006.