1. Introduction: Real-time schools
Defense school or computer school describes an organization that provides courses inexhaustible or in part through online methods. Although there are hundreds of thousands of commercial banks and not recognized and online, the term "virtual school" is used for approved schools that offer a full-time course designed to lead to the receipt of a diploma. All or most services for students engaged in Internet technology. Actual schools differ from traditional schools with physical media related to managers, teachers and students. Virtual science schools are public schools for distance learning.
There are different types of virtual schools. And teaching methods range from independent (uncompetitive) wishes to teachers who make it easier (synchronized). The size of the virtual class varies from 25 students to the class to about 200 students in the class depending on the technology used for communication. Students establish a relationship with teachers and work with other students through telecommunication equipment that switches distribution centers such as Blackboard or other features that facilitate the task of lesson. Communication can often be done by phone. To assist in communication, many virtual schools have set up their programs to assist in building maintenance courses and student groups. There are also many books and training manuals to assist in the development of these schools and education.
Most virtual schools today are descendants of the school. Often called as a long-term school, they offer students a choice in comparison with the traditional form of boring meetings and boring at school. These schools used postal services for interactive learning education or use bilateral radio stations, television bands always with pre-registration. Students are expected to learn the appropriate dietary supplements for themselves and sometimes meet with a mentor for testing. Modern virtual schools offer more or less the same choice for students with higher levels and often interactive.
Virtual schools exist around the world. Some of them are integrated in public schools where students sit on computers in the studios and do their work online. In other situations, students can be totally "internally educated" or able to engage in any combination of private, public or virtual.
2. Who uses distance learning networks?
Imagine learning with friends online, knowledge and resources available whenever you want or need. These classmates are from urban or rural or from countries that are very remote and forgotten. They, like you do not have to leave their homes. You can learn everything without being in the same place, in the ordinary sense, but in virtual spaces, "cyberspace", by using networking networks that connect people anywhere in the world. Students can enter a virtual classroom, wherever, just need a laptop and a modem, phone line, satellite or wireless. Networking using one of the media mentioned above converts your computer screen into a window to the world of study.
Just the name used for these feature makers who have broken the barriers provided by CDs. Satellite and phone brands create a web or wide network that can connect one computer to another anywhere in the world. Based on these networks, teachers are in a learning environment where successful teachers and students in different places work together to raise their skills to understand a particular issue.
Most systems that support networking in distance learning are based solely on the text (some may support communication and audio and graphics). Written word is a typical tool for learning as a learning process, repeating a group and sharing knowledge. Virtually all the education is based on books and files, written and communication systems shared by computers (computer company CMC) with exact text as a means of communicating information and building knowledge of the group. Shumiva networks are asynchronous CMC. This stems from using text-based text-enabling all participants to work unique in their own spaces, as long as they want to read, reflect, write and share repetitive questions, knowledge, or information to others .
Thus learning networks are groups of people who use CMC networks to study in time and space that suits you and you need them for a particular issue. The use of these computer systems in education at various levels from preschool to university introduces new ways of teaching and learning by increasing responses. Users of these networks provide more motivated feedback from teachers and students who believe that online learning can add a traditional way of learning and teaching and educating at the same time to establish a new era of new communication, collaboration and knowledge opportunities. A world of learning through life makes simultaneous and necessary social and technological changes remarkable, comfort and efficiency that provides this new way of learning makes it a great educational resource for the 21st century.
Historical Overview of Computer Networking and Distance Learning
Communication technology on the computer originally built in 1960 with the email address of computers exchanged on time (media sharing at the same time). People communicate by sending messages with the same mainframe computers through the terminals associated with primary production or dial-up dialing (long distance). In 1969, ARPANET was developed as a US pilot camp in many places using technology packages (dedicated phone lines for data communications). It was originally developed to connect scientists to central computers to share hardware and software, such as p.sh: disk space, power processor, database, etc. Users soon realized that they wanted more than that. They wanted a network that allows them to send a message to each state of Tjetran about their tasks. So in 1970 there was added the possibility of sending emails, which became menjehre used in service to the internet. Mailing lists (or distribution lists) were those that were implemented later after users found that they needed to send an email but only one person to a particular group. In 1983, ARPANET switched to ARPANET and Milne (uncategorized military network), but the two divisions were continued. The relationship between them became the basis of the Internet (the largest network in today's world).
At the beginning of academic networks and teachers, they had limited access. ARPANET access was limited to the military and we are working with universities to protect research. Communications with other programs such as UUCP, Unix Distributed and Cooperative Global Communications System, and USENET (users of network users) occurred years later in 1970, initially serving universities and then business associations. BITNET (for time magazine) and CSNET (Comp Science Network) were distributed later to create national networks for scholars and researchers. These networks were not initially part of the internet, but later he developed a special connection to exchange information and send messages between different communities. This connection between the networks was that the foundation was laid for the establishment of the Internet rather. The NSFNET (National Science Foundation Network) was another network that was established to connect scientists and scholars around the United States with five great computer centers. NSFNET, a backbone on the Internet, replaced ARPANET and CSNET.
The Conference of the First Computer System (Virtual Conference) was held in 1970. Computer or virtual conferences offer opportunities to interact with a temporary group and usually support the role of the group, such as a leader or manager. The first system had 20 people around the United States and developed for 13 weeks. This was an Emissary, which evolves into a conference system to a great extent and complete with the ability to send personal messages, engaging in forums and communicating with real-time messages.
These computer systems used for conference conferencing were originally used to deliver classes and activities in early 1980 when network-based networks (packet switches) offered by Telenet and Tymnet US accessed these systems with affordable rates by teachers and students, so the public. Interest in distance learning networks with bold conference and computer skills, with advanced media in the group, which offered teachers better ways to determine the structure of studies and groups. The first use of computers in teaching conferences was without credit and training courses and courses in the form of classes at university level. Today, education / distance learning systems have been successfully integrated at all levels of study.
Over the past two decades have developed two aspects of computer systems in remote locations. They are developed into traditional courses that have a real classroom, in the form of a Njohurike network, for participation in discussion groups or sharing information with friends or professionals and access to online resources. Distance 19009002 Distance 4.E-learning
Distance learning or distance learning (distance learning) is an area of education that focuses on methods and mining technology with the aim of learning delivery, usually individually, to students who are not physically present in one form or location, p.sh traditional education: classroom. He is described as a process of creating and providing access to education when initial information and students or students are distributed in time or distance, or both. Distance courses requiring physical proximity for some reason (p.sh: for testing) are called hybrid or mixed courses.
4.1.Högun og þróun
Distance learning reduces rreth1728 when the announcement in the newspaper Boston, Caleb Phillips, teacher of new methodologies, required students to send weekly lectures.
In modern times, distance education contributed to the development of postal services in the 19th century and was practiced at least since Isaac Pitman taught briefwriting in the UK by correspondence in 1840. The University of London was the first to give us remote teaching degrees, create external programs . At the first US presidency at Chicago University, the concept of graduate education was developed as university education had gone to the satellite school in education in a wider society. He also has ideology in remote places, an idea was commissioned by Columbia University.
The Carnegie Foundation funded Wedemeyer, called AIM, which introduced diverse communication technologies to create conditions for learning undeveloped people with regard to education. Following Moore & # 39; s AIM, impressive by England, who moved the idea when we built Open University in 1969, originally based on broadcasting and broadcasting for most of its distribution. Has already many organizations worldwide with the name of Open Universities. All of these technologies use distance learning as a method of resolution.
American Open University was a pioneer in the use of a computer conference to communicate slightly. This was used as a way to expand and develop student education. Later it was accepted and British as part of a massive middle school program. An open university in England, he bought a large number of accounts in a computer session of up to 1300 students in the course.
Further development of computer and network technology to today's largest network, the internet has been its undisputed impact and distance learning, easier and faster. This trend has led to all actual universities and other forms of education that take place online. In 2006, a Sloan community, a body that might be interested in the matter, reported: More than 96% of large companies have some online offers, which is more than twice the proportion of companies. Approximately 3.2 million US students are taking at least one course in the first phase of 2005. A study published in 2011 by the US Department of Education stated that "from 2000 to 2008, the proportion of undergraduate students was at least one The distance learning class has been expanded from 8% to 20%, and the number of students enrolled in a study program has increased from 2% to 4%. Today there are many private and public organizations, profit organizations and profit organizations around the world who offer distance courses  4.2. The devices used for distribution
Types of available technologies used for telecommunications are divided into two groups: synchronized learning and non-synchronized learning.
Synchronized learning 1.Teknologjia consistants of such distribution, involving all participants At the same time, it seems like a teacher in traditional classroom education because participants are located in different countries. Requires time to organizing. Web conferencing, videoconferencing, educational television, etc. are examples of synchronized technology, DBS Direct-Broadcat Satellite, Internet, Radio, Live Communications, Telephone and Web-based VoIP.
Learning 2.Teknologjia Async is enabling participants to access the course offered in their personal schedules. This makes this technology more flexible. Students do not have to be together at the same time. Postal correspondence, the oldest form of communication at a distance, with asynchronous distribution technology. Other examples include various forums, message boards, email, video and audio recordings, printed content, email and fax voice.
Both methods can be combined in one course. For example, some courses in open universities include regular lessons daily for residential and distance learning. Other technical methods used for distance learning are three dimensional virtual worlds (3D) online. 3D virtual world famous, worldwide active, used for synchronized and non-synchronized learning. They provide opportunities for students to work bashkarrisht.
4.3. Wealth and Disadvantages
Diana G. Oblinger has identified four reasons why education institutions can embrace distance learning:
a.Aksesim wide: distance learning can help to meet the demand for education and training for people and businesses in general, especially because it offers flexibility in order to prevent restrictions on how often the times are imposed by obligations and responsibilities personally.
b.Lehtesim limited ability: Being primarily or completely external (in different countries / outside perspective), the system reduces the demand for organizations such as buildings.
c.Marching money from emerging countries: There is a demand for increasing recognition of the population's value of lifelong learning, outside of normal school life, and that organizations can benefit from this by accepting distance learning. She has a field of education, such as courses for managers of companies that are more profitable than traditional markets.
d. Catalyst for Transformation: The modern competitive market requires rapid change and innovation, which it believes that distance learning could act as an impetus.
Casey and Lorenzen have pointed out another financial benefit for US institutions stating that distance learning provides young graduates who may be willing to give money for the school, which has never been linked to the school according to system participation.
And on the other hand there and criticism. Take care that students who use adult education in distance learning can be found as obstacles, interference in the house and amazing technology that will make the final difficult phase at a distance.
5.What can expect teachers and students to participate in a virtual school?
Early experience with distance learning networks has shown the possibility of substantial education income. Networks can be easy to learn and use of use makes learning and teaching rich and effective.
Networks offer students and teachers new ideas, new perspectives, culture and local resources to those who are rich in information. The main group gives many views on the theme. A wide range of cultural communication and international understanding is also facilitated. A good understanding of interconnection among nations can help to learn how to deal with problems – global, political, social and environmental.
With distance learning networks, time, location and speed of education are expanding and becoming individualized, focusing on communication and collaboration between groups. Students and teachers who have a computer, modem, telephone line and service network can access knowledge, resources and collections whenever they want or want.
Quality of communication is also added. Communication through networks helps to break down communication barriers and obstacles that often compromise open-minded ideas in traditional classes. There are also significant benefits motivation. Users of the network are highly motivated for both parties, students and teachers. Children interact with computer networks with energy and enthusiasm, which is often lacking in traditional classes. Students and teachers are encouraged to share ideas, concerns and solutions with colleagues across the country, so much easier if they were in another room.
Fjarnámarnet is also used successfully by students and teachers who are blind and / or deaf. Hand knitting, as they learn basic technology, can play a part in their disability as being invisible. Networks like a real-time communication system allow students to participate in the script, as they may participate in a spoken language. Writing on the Internet can be used for many purposes, ranging from informal text requests to reading text to discussion or student combinations to create widespread text online.
Some of the reasons the teachers have set up on their networks in the class is to enhance students & # 39; opportunity for social interaction or appropriate at secondary schools, to make or increase opportunities for students to work in groups, either face to face or distance learning, and to ensure access to online resources and relevant information by students.
In summary, there are several advantages of using remote learning networks:
• Communicating with teachers will be evenly directed.
• Teachers' connections have increased.
• Education is aimed at students, teaching is carried out by upper secondary schools.
• Learning opportunities for all students are equal: Communication between students and students between the group has been increasing.
• Personal interaction between participants is increased.
• Teaching and learning is a partnership.
• It's more time to think about ideas, students can explore the networks, share ideas and opinions are expanded. class will be global.
• Teacher's field of study is broken. Teachers became students and students became teachers.
There are disadvantages of learning online. Further preparation work for teachers and students needs to work hard to keep up with the content to participate in full and successful education. Networks encourage, even require active participation rather than idle. To be "present", users should make some comments and be much more interactive. Students report too much stress, communicate anxiety about delayed response in unsynced environments, increase workforce and responsibility, struggle to surf the internet and follow topic discussion, loss of actual law and concern about healthcare related to computer use.
6.Technologies or Distance Learning Networks
Technology that supports distance learning networks is simple and simple to use. Although high-tech and complex are available, this is not a matter of complex systems being better than simple systems. Some of these technologies are:
6.1. Bulletin Board
This technique is a relevant starting point for teaching groups of 20-50 people, which are placed in local phone, other communication area. Information systems are also appropriate resources to support specific communities or clubs in public schools and can be used to support counseling and teaching.
New generations of personal computers may support more types than the type of computer communication in previous systems. As the population and the number of contacts increase, there is a need for strong communication agencies (such as the Funding System) to support more diverse study materials.
6.2. Mailing System
Email system is a means of electronic data transfer for sending or receiving messages over the internet. In addition, the advanced email has increased the ability of modules to be associated with dual file messages to facilitate the exchange of large amounts of information.
Today, most universities are part of a global network, enabling all universities to send messages at other universities. Generally, these networks allow hardware-ike mail software to communicate between individuals wherever the network reaches a lower price than the phone or mail. In many cases, local education systems are connected to universities and basic networks through the international network.
The large proportions of the population and the geographical distribution of these theoretical networks make new and unique programs and the use of distance learning. Systems E-mail is useful for achieving certain individual relationships and information exchanges between small groups. However, any active use of messaging systems quickly leads to problems with too much information. Another limitation on messaging systems is the difficulty in learning activities to facilitate groupwork online. System and email does not automatically send messages by content or group, shared objects and listed are not available to coordinate and online communications to merge the group.
6.3. Topic News Service
Many networks have created databases to send a message about a particular topic and give individuals the opportunity to decide if they want to access them to access the information or register to receive regular reference information about themes or message group.
Group messaging abilities allow you to create a strong group newsletter, where all members can add information to other members. Benefits for the groups are visible; just provides a system of continuous and interactive exchange among universities that encourages and increases professionalism among teachers and executives. The problem with the geographical spread of public teachers from specialized areas can be solved through online learning in distance learning.
Computer 6.4. Conference
The model of an electronic mail system has no system to enable a group to work together, except for the isolation of information. Computer meeting is based on the idea that application facilities can be built on a computer to allow groups to coordinate and organize content in a manner appropriate for their communication goals. It thus provides certain groups within the software space that can be adjusted to their needs. For a better understanding, it is also called virtual reality, as in communication communication is actually created by a particular social system.
Computer meeting is a copy of a group discussion in a accessible format. Each conference has access privileges that are set by the person who opens (creates) a conference and specifies, for example, who may be a member of the conference. Each conference provides a member list that allows participants to show who has read the content so you can know where it is. Some systems allow people to make changes to their contribution to the first and informative members of any changes. Other systems are organized to allow many individuals to change the same contributions for login or anonymous contributions. Meeting systems can allow actions like different types of copying. In a more sophisticated computer system conference, a conference opening party can be appointed at a special conference. Some systems can provide sophisticated tools or information management, allowing reorganization of content to reflect different audit requirements.
Conference Computer Systems can be used in face to face classes or serve as an environment for online courses. A group can be face-to-face with a computer session to increase the time for discussion in class or group work. The conference can also be used to connect students to different classes or schools. Conference report computer system serving community education can be designed and established to serve the special needs of the community.
Networking distance learning requires directory service to identify other members of the network, what types of conferences are available, and content that is checked by groups of common interests. When someone starts talking about education for hundreds or thousands of people, the computer should help individuals find the groups they want to join.
There are some promising advances in this area, such as websites that offer electronic listing addresses and a brief description of all Internet resources. Also, public software, Web, and provides direct access easier for all websites.
7. Fjarnámarnet in Albania
Today, the future of education is considered a secondary school. This because of the interntit development center, which has increased speed of communication. Approved online distance learning has become a trend at the moment today in schools around the world. Albania is part of an international change towards knowledge and material resources as a basis for economic growth. Teachers in Albania are aware that students need education that enables students to participate and promote knowledge. To benefit from e-learning, universities in Albania must carry out considerable articles before assessing their readiness.